Chandrayaan-3 Overview ,Propulsion Module (PM),Lander Payloads,The Chandrayaan-3 mission aims,Advanced Technologies in Lander
Chandrayaan-3 is an Indian space mission, intended to follow Chandrayaan-2. Its primary goal is to demonstrate the capability for a safe landing and rover operation on the lunar surface. Chandrayaan-3 consists of three key components: a Lander, a Rover, and a Propulsion Module. It will be launched into space using the LVM3 rocket from Sriharikota, India.
Propulsion Module (PM):
The PM’s main function is to transport the Lander and Rover to a lunar orbit approximately 100 kilometer above the Moon’s surface. Additionally, it is equipped with a scientific instrument called Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) to study Earth’s spectral and polarimetric properties from lunar orbit.
1 – Chandra’s Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE): This instrument measures the thermal conductivity and temperature on the lunar surface.
2 – Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA): ILSA is designed to detect and measure seismic activity around the landing site.
3 – Langmuir Probe (LP): LP is used to estimate the plasma density and its variations around the Moon. It helps study the lunar environment.
4 – Passive Laser Retroreflector Array from NASA: This is included for lunar laser ranging studies, allowing precise distance measurements.
1 – Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS): The APXS is used to determine the elemental composition of the lunar surface near the landing site.
2 – Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS): LIBS helps analyze the chemical composition of the lunar surface.
The Chandrayaan-3 mission aims to achieve three main objectives:
1 – Demonstrate a safe and soft landing on the lunar surface.
2 – Showcase the mobility of the Rover on the Moon’s surface.
3 – Conduct in-situ scientific experiments on the lunar surface.
Advanced Technologies in Lander:
The Lander module incorporates several advanced technologies to achieve its mission objectives. These include altimeters for altitude measurement, velocimeter